Apple History 2016
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THE “APPLE” HISTORY
The apple emerged as a celebrated fruit at the beginning of the peopling of Earth. Whether you start with Adam and Eve or the anthropological data on Stone Age man in Europe, the apple was there. Greek and Roman mythology refer to apples as symbols of love and beauty. When the Romans conquered England about the first century B.C., they brought apple cultivation with them. William Tell gained fame by shooting an apple off his son's head at the order of invaders of Switzerland.
The Pilgrims discovered crabapples had preceded them to America, but the fruit was not very edible. The Massachusetts Bay Colony requested seeds and cuttings from England, which were brought over on later voyages of the Mayflower. Other Europeans brought apple stock to Virginia and the Southwest, and a Massachusetts man, John Chapman, became famous for planting trees throughout Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois (his name became "Johnny Apple seed"). Seeds from an apple given to a London sea Capitan in 1820 are sometimes said to be the origin of the State of Washington apple crop (now the largest in the U.S.).
As the country was settled, nearly every farm grew some apples. Although some were very good, most of the early varieties would be considered poor today. Of nearly 8000 varieties known around the world, about 100 are grown in commercial quantity in the U.S., with the top 10 comprising over 90% of the crop.
Our modern orchards combine the rich heritage of apple growing with research and field trials to grow an annual U.S. crop exceeding 220,000,000 bushels. New varieties are still being discovered and cultivated, with the best eventually becoming "household words" like McIntosh Apple, Delicious apples, Empire apples, Rome apples, Spartan apples, Cortland apples, Granny Smith apples, etc.. Recent arrivals include Honeycrisp apples, Gala apples, Fortune apples, Fuji apples, Braeburn apples, Liberty apples, and more than a few "throwbacks" to antique apple varieties now enjoying a resurgence.
It can certainly be said that an apple combines the best attributes of "something old and something new".
COMMON APPLE VARIETIES FOR 2016
Arkansas Black Apple, Blushing Golden Apple, Braeburn Apple, CandyCrisp® Apple, Cortland Apple, Earliblaze Apple, Empire Apple, Enterprise Apple, Fireside Apple, Fortune Apple, Freedom Apple, Fuji Apple, Gala Apple, Gibson Apple, Golden Delicious Apple, Golden Supreme Apple, GoldRush Apple, Granny Smith Apple, Grimes Golden Apple, Honeycrisp Apple, Honeygold Apple, Idared Apple, Idared Apple, Jonafree Apple, Jonagold Apple, Jonagold Apple, Jonalicious Apple, Jonathan Apple, Liberty Apple, Lodi Apple, Macoun Apple, McIntosh Apple, Mollies Apple, Mutsu Apple, Northern Spy Apple, Ozark Apple, Pristine® Apple, Red Delicious Apple, Redfree Apple, Rome Apple, Royal Empire Apple, March Wonder Apple, Shizuka Apple, Stayman Apple, SummerMac Apple, SunCrisp® Apple, Sweet 16 Apple, UltraGold Apple, Williams’ Apple, Winesap Apple, Wolf River Apple, York Apple, Zestar! Apple. Honey Crisp still the most popular.